Here are some quick facts about electric cars:
Most EVs use particular tires
EV tires are not the same as those on their gasoline or diesel-powered counterparts. This is because rubber designed for electric vehicles is typically required.
EV tires typically have reduced rolling resistance (to extend range), particular tread patterns and compounds, and a higher load-bearing capacity. The tread patterns are designed to handle the instant torque delivery of the electric motor, while the load-bearing capacity is to manage the additional weight of the battery packs.
Deceleration (driving with just one pedal) actually extends range
The range of an EV usually increases as it slows down. It seems a little illogical, don’t you think? However, slowing down actually charges the battery, increasing the overall range.
This is thanks to the presence of regenerative braking, an energy recovery system that directs what might otherwise be lost kinetic energy back into the battery all through deceleration phases. This is triggered by either lifting off the accelerator or touching the brakes). This is why stop-start city driving is a particularly good fit for EVs.
Compared to ICE vehicles, EVs need less maintenance
Because there are so many fewer moving parts in an electric vehicle’s powertrain than in a gasoline or diesel engine, it is usually less complicated. Because there are no oil, fuel filters, or spark plugs to change, the electric motor and battery demand little to no routine maintenance.
Additionally, since electric vehicles are far lighter on conventional friction braking components (brake pads), both the pads and discs have a longer lifespan. This is because the regenerative braking system enables single-pedal driving.
Compared to ICE vehicles, EVs are much more efficient
Compared to conventional ICE vehicles, electric vehicles have significantly lower energy conversion losses. This is one of the most interesting facts about electric cars.
The conversion of chemical energy stored in an electric car’s battery is just about three times more efficient than the conversion of chemical energy from fossil fuels (through the use of combustion) into motive force, which results in significant energy loss (primarily as heat).
EVs have existed since the 1800s
Think the invention of electric vehicles is recent? Rethink that! The first electric vehicles (EVs), though obviously primitive compared to contemporary examples, date back to the 1800s, making them older than gasoline-powered cars.